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dc.contributor.authorBruin, E.I. deen_US
dc.contributor.authorZwan, J.E. van deren_US
dc.contributor.authorBögels, S.M.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-01-27T08:26:36Z
dc.date.available2017-01-27T08:26:36Z
dc.date.issued2016en_US
dc.identifier.citationMindfulness, 7(5), 1182-1192en_US
dc.identifier.issn1868-8527
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1871/55146
dc.description.abstractOur Western society is characterized by multitasking, competition, and constant time pressure. Negative effects of stress for the individual (anxiety, depression, somatic complaints) and for organizations and society (costs due to work absence) are very high. Thus, time-efficient self-help interventions to address these issues are necessary. This study assessed the effects of daily mindfulness meditations (MM) versus daily heart rate variability biofeedback (HRV-BF) and daily physical exercise (PE) on attention control, executive functioning, mindful awareness, self-compassion, and worrying. Young adults (n = 75, age range 18 to 40) with elevated stress levels were randomized to MM, HRV-BF, or PE, and measurements were taken at pre-test, post-test, and follow-up. Interventions in all three groups were self-guided and lasted for 5 weeks. Generalized estimating equation analyses showed that overall, all three interventions were effective and did not differ from each other. However, practice time differed between groups, with participants in the PE group practicing much more than participants in the other two groups. Therefore, additional analyses were carried out in two subsamples. The optimal dose sample included only those participants who practiced for at least 70 % of the total prescribed time. In the equal dose sample, home practice intensity was equal for all three groups. Again, the effects of the three interventions did not differ. In conclusion, MM, HRV-BF, and PE are all effective self-help methods to improve attention control, executive functioning, mindful awareness, self-compassion, and worrying, and mindfulness meditation was not found to be more effective than HRV-biofeedback or physical exercise for these cognitive processes.en_US
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.uri10.1007/s12671-016-0561-5
dc.titleA RCT comparing daily mindfulness meditations, biofeedback exercises, and daily physical exercise on attention control, executive functioning, mindful awareness, self-compassion, and worrying in stressed young adults.en_US
dc.typeArticle / Letter to editoren_US
dc.creator.metisIdVU1215781
dc.creator.metisIdVU1174809
dc.creator.metisIdVU1167231
dc.identifier.metisId371780
dc.provenance.metis2017-01-27 00:00
dc.source.volume7
dc.source.journalTitleMindfulnessen_US
dc.source.startpage1182
dc.source.endpage1192
dc.source.issue5
dc.creator.facultynl_NL
dc.date.updated2017-01-30T00:15:40Z


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