Connecting diverse knowledge systems for enhanced ecosystem governance: The multiple evidence base approach
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Indigenous and local knowledge systems aswell as practitioners’ knowledge can provide valid anduseful knowledge to enhance our understanding of governanceof biodiversity and ecosystems for human wellbeing.There is, therefore, a great need within emergingglobal assessment programs, such as the IPBES and otherinternational efforts, to develop functioning mechanismsfor legitimate, transparent, and constructive ways of creatingsynergies across knowledge systems. We present themultiple evidence base (MEB) as an approach that proposesparallels whereby indigenous, local and scientificknowledge systems are viewed to generate differentmanifestations of knowledge, which can generate newinsights and innovations through complementarities. MEBemphasizes that evaluation of knowledge occurs primarilywithin rather than across knowledge systems. MEB on aparticular issue creates an enriched picture of understanding,for triangulation and joint assessment ofknowledge, and a starting point for further knowledgegeneration.