The effect of food on the pharmacokinetics of S-1 after single oral administration to patients with solid tumors.
Groeningen, C.J. van
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0.0005), and for cyanuric acid, the breakdown product of oxonic acid, was 5.1 (P = 0.019). Accumulation of uracil, indicative for dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase inhibition, was not affected, as well as the T(1/2) of FT, 5FU, CDHP, and oxonic acid. Evaluation of the log-transformed data demonstrated that the 90% confidence interval for the food/fast ratio for the Cmax and AUC of FT, 5FU, CDHP, and uracil were within 70-143% and 80-125%, respectively, indicating no food effect. Only for oxonic acid and cyanuric acid were these values outside this interval. CONCLUSIONS: Food intake affected only the pharmacokinetics of the S-1 constituent oxonic acid but not of FT, CDHP, and 5FU. Because oxonic acid is included to protect against gastrointestinal toxicity, this observation might affect the gastrointestinal toxicity and thus the efficacy of S-1.