Expression and cellular distribution of multidrug transporter proteins in two major causes of medically intractable epilepsy: focal cortical dysplasia and glioneuronal tumors.
Veelen, CW van
Rijen, PC van
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MRP1). Moderate to strong MRP1 and P-gp immunoreactivity was observed in a population of large ballooned neuroglial cells. P-gp appeared to be most frequently expressed in glial fibrillary acidic protein-positive balloon cells (glial type), whereas MRP1 was more frequently expressed in microtubule-associated protein 2-positive balloon cells (neuronal type). In both types of lesions strong P-gp immunoreactivity was found in lesional vessels. Perilesional regions did not show increased staining in vessels or in neuronal cells compared with normal cortex. The predominant intralesional cell-specific distribution of multidrug transporter proteins supports the hypothesis of a constitutive overexpression as common mechanism underlying the intrinsic pharmaco-resistance to antiepileptic drugs of both malformative and neoplastic glioneuronal developmental lesions.