In vitro drug-resistance profile in infant acute lymphoblastic leukemia in relation to age, MLL rearrangements and immunophenotype.
Woerden, NL Ramakers-van
Wering, E.R. van
Boer, M.L. den
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7.4-fold, P=0.033) and 4-HOO-ifosfamide (4.4-fold, P=0.006) than those with other 11q23 abnormalities. The expression of P-glycoprotein, multidrug-resistance protein, and lung-resistance protein (LRP) was not higher in infants compared to older c/preB ALL patients, but LRP was higher in proB ALL and MLL-rearranged ALL of all ages. In conclusion, infants with ALL appear to have a distinct in vitro resistance profile with the proB immunophenotype being of importance. The role of MLL cannot be excluded, with the t(4;11) being of special significance, while age appears to play a smaller role.