(R)- and (S)-[11C]verapamil as PET-tracers for measuring P-glycoprotein function: in vitro and in vivo evaluation.
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verapamil in dKO and WT mice demonstrated no stereoselectivity of verapamil for P-gp in the blood-brain barrier and in the testes. In addition, no significant differences in P-gp transport for both enantiomers were observed in the in vitro experiments. Previous studies have shown that (R)-verapamil is metabolized less in man and that it has lower affinity for calcium channels. Since (R)- and (S)-verapamil have equal transport for P-gp, the (R)-enantiomer seems to be the best and safest candidate as PET-tracer for measuring P-gp function in vivo.