Rapid disappearance of deoxyribose-1-phosphate in platelet derived endothelial cell growth factor/thymidine phosphorylase overexpressing cells.
Bruin, M. de
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Platelet derived endothelial cell growth factor/thymidine phosphorylase (PD-ECGF/TP) catalyzes the phosphorolysis of thymidine (TdR) to thymine and deoxyribose-1-phosphate (dR-1-P) and has a pro-angiogenic effect for which dR-1-P may be responsible. Using a purine nucleoside phosphorylase based assay it was found that TdR incubation did not increase dR-1-P accumulation in colon cancer cell line Colo320 and its PD-ECGF/TP transfected variant Colo320TP1. The assay was linear up to 25,000pmol dR-1-P with complete recovery of dR-1-P from cellular extracts. There was a huge discrepancy between thymine production and the measured dR-1-P level, 0.05% of the expected value for dR-1-P was found, indicating that there was a rapid disappearance of dR-1-P. However, in cellular extracts, TdR incubation increased dR-1-P, measurable by trapping, which was inhibited by a thymidine phosphorylase inhibitor. dR-1-P directly added to cellular extracts disappeared within 5-10min. In conclusion, large amounts of dR-1-P are produced by Colo320TP1 cells, which rapidly disappear thus not resulting in a net accumulation of dR-1-P in these cells.