S-Adenosylmethionine and 5-Methyltetrahydrofolate are associated with endothelial function after controlling for confounding by homocysteine: the Hoorn study
Becker - Commissaris, A.
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): 48.57 microm (21.16; 75.98) and -32.15 microm (-59.09; -5.20), but high homocysteine was not (-15.11 microm (-42.99; 12.78). High SAM and low 5-MTHF were also significantly associated with high and low NMD, respectively. NMD explained the association of 5-MTHF with FMD but not of SAM. No interactions were observed for diabetes or cardiovascular risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: In this elderly population, both SAM and 5-MTHF are associated with endothelial and smooth muscle cell function. The effect of homocysteine on endothelial function is relatively small compared with SAM and 5-MTHF. The relative impact of SAM, 5-MTHF, and homocysteine, and the mechanisms through which these moieties may affect endothelial and smooth muscle cell function need clarification. Both SAM and 5-MTHF are associated with endothelial and smooth muscle cell function whereas the effect of homocysteine is relatively small compared with SAM and 5-MTHF