Scalable hosting of web applications
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Modern Web sites have evolved from simple monolithic systems to complex multitiered systems. In contrast to traditional Web sites, these sites do not simply deliver pre-written content but dynamically generate content using (one or more) multi-tiered Web applications. In this thesis, we addressed the question: How to host multi-tiered Web applications in a scalable manner? Scaling up a Web application requires scaling its individual tiers. To this end, various research works have proposed techniques that employ replication or caching solutions at different tiers. However, most of these techniques aim to optimize the performance of individual tiers and not the entire application. A key observation made in our research is that there exists no elixir technique that performs the best for allWeb applications. Effective hosting of a Web application requires careful selection and deployment of several techniques at different tiers. To this end, we present several caching and replication strategies, such as GlobeCBC, GlobeDB and GlobeTP, to improve the scalability of different tiers of a Web application. While these techniques and systems improve the performance of the individual tiers (and eventually the application), an application's administrator is not only interested in the performance of its individual tiers but also in its endto- end performance. To this end, we propose a resource provisioning approach that allows us to choose the best resource configuration for hosting a Web application such that its end-to-end response time can be optimized with minimum usage of resources. The proposed approach is based on an analytical model for multi-tier systems, which allows us to derive expressions for estimating the mean end-to-end response time and its variance.