Valuing Environmental Decay : Quantitative Policy-oriented Studies on Urban and Rural Environments
By filling the gaps in research, the studies described in this thesis focus on a number of open policy issues in the context of urban and rural environments. With a retrospective look at the process of economic valuation and its integration within environmental decision making, this thesis brings us from the theory to the empirics of valuation, in order to provide methodological innovation based on experimentation. Firstly, the thesis refers to the wide- ranging impacts caused by urban mobility, and focuses on two challenging open issues. On one side, it introduces the problem of noise pollution due to rail transport infrastructure; while, on the other side, it looks at the phenomenon of urban “sprawl” and at its implications in terms of collective impacts. Next, it presents the research challenges that valuation can address when looking at the impacts and risks of agriculture on ecosystems and human health. In this connection, it identifies pesticide risk valuation as a relevant research area.